Dec 5, 2012

WHAT IS THE INTERNET

WHAT IS INTERNET:
The internet, sometimes called simply "the net". Internet is a huge number of computers that are worldwide connected to each other.these computers are situated in many different countries and are connected through telephone lines, cables in the ground and even satellites in space. 

                           On a lot of these computers, people have published information, pages with text and pictures. These pages are called 'websites'.These are millions of websites on internet, with an enormous amount of information which you can view and use for your reading, research or fun.







SOME USES OF INTERNET:
1. Get information online about a university,college and school.
2. Download games,videos,pictures,computer programs and other files.
3. Send instant messages.
4. Look information about a place.
5. Pay bills online.
6. Look for information on Wikipedia.
7. Look religious or spiritual information.
8. Play online games.
9. Listen to music online.
10. Search for information about someone you know or might meet.
11. Share files from own computer with others.
12. Participate in an online auction.
13. Chat in a chat room or in an online discussion.
14. Make a donation to a charity online.
15. View live images online of a remote location or person,using a webcam.
16. Use an online social networking sites like Facebook, Myspace, Orkut etc.
17. Sell something online.
18. Visit an adult website.
19. Take a class online for higher education.
20. Make a phone call online.
21. Sell or buy bonds,stocks or mutual funds.
22. Go to a dating website or other site where you can meet people online.
23. Sending or reading email.
24. Use a search engine to find information.
25. Search for a map or driving directions.
26. Check the weather.
27. Get news, health,medical and  travel information.
28. Make or buy a reservation for travel.
29. Look up phone number or address.
30. Do any banking online.
31. Do any types of  research for your job.
32. Look online for information about a job.
33. Get sports scores and information online.      

DOMAIN CATEGORIES:

 .com for commercial organizations.
 .org for non-profit organizations.
 .net for network access provider.
 .mil for military installations.
 .gov for government agencies.
 .edu for educational institutions.
 .name for personal sites.
 .info for commercial and personal.
 .biz for commercial and personal.
 .int for organizations established by international treaty.

WORLD WIDE WEB:

The term WWW refers to the world wide web or simply the web. The world wide web consists of all the public web sites connected to the internet worldwide, including the client devices that access web content. The WWW is just one of many applications of the internet and computer networks.

The world wide web is based into three technologies ...

a> HTML(hypertext markup language)
b> HTTP(hypertext transfer protocol)
c> web servers and web browsers

Researcher Tim Berners-Lee led the development of the original world wide web in the late 1980s and early 1990s. He helped build prototypes of the above web technologies and coined the term "WWW". Web sites and web browsing explode in popularity during the mid 1990s.


URL:

Every web page or internet resource accessible through the WWW has a unique name, this is URL(uniform resource locator). The URL identifies and locates a resource so that a web browser can access it directly. A URL is type of internet address.

           URL strings consist of three parts ......
a. Network protocol.
b. Host name or address.
c. File or resource location.

INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER:

An internet service provider is an organization that maintains a high speed network of cables connected to the internet. This organization usually owns more than one powerful computer that is directly connected to the network forming the internet.

BROWSER:

It is basically a program that runs on an internet connected computer and provides access to WWW resources.

BROWSING:

The process of navigating among the document is called browsing. The users need to have client software such as Netscape navigator to actually retrieve and browse the information on the WWW. WWW supports many kinds of documents such as text, pictures, video and audio. Sometimes it is referred to as net surfing.

HOME PAGE:

Home page is the document that servers as the initial point of entry to a web of related documents. It contains introductory information, hyperlinks to related resources and navigation buttons to help users find their way among the various documents.

CLIENT:

The computer that is requesting for some service from another computer is called the client.

WEB SERVER:

A web server is a program that accepts requests for information framed according to the hypertext transport protocol(http). The server processes these requests and sends the requested document. when you a access a WWW server, the document is transferred to your computer and then the connection is terminated. This reduces network traffic by not having to hold on to a line, which you read a document.

WEB:

A collection of documents inter-linked by hyperlinks is called web. A web page is synonymous with web documents. It is not the same as a page on your screen. It is also defined a hypertext information system.

HYPERLINK:

A hyperlink allows you to vies information without using complex commands and without even knowing the source of the information. A hyperlink includes within it all the information needed to retrieve information or connect to a specific internet resource. Much of the excitement about the world wide web is due to its extensive use of hyperlinks.

PROTOCOL:

Is a formal definition of a language that two computers use to communicate. This definition describes acceptable messages and outlines the rules that two computers must follow to exchange those   messages.

HYPER TEXT:

When a hyperlink is attached to text, it is called hypertext. Hypertext is a method of preparing and publishing text in which users can choose their own paths for the material. The text is broken into small units such as single pages called nodes. Then hyperlinks are embedded into the text. Typically the users have a GUI on which he clicks a button to navigate through the different pages.

HYPER TEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE(HTML):

A markup language is a set of formatting codes that effects that the way preset information will be displayed. It is used to create hypertext markup language documents. It is not a programming language. Only the presentation, but not the contents. The information remains static all the documents that you view on the WWW are created using HTML.












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